close up of eye

What Is Ocular Myokymia? The Causes of Eye Twitching

Ocular myokymia, more commonly known as eyeball twitching, can be either twitching of the eyelids or the twitching of the eyeball. Jen Will, MD, an ophthalmologist at UPMC Eye Center, further explains the causes and treatments of eyeball twitching.

What Are the Causes of Eyeball Twitching?

For the most part, the causes of eyelid and/or eye eyeball twitching are benign. Most of the time, it can be due to:

  • Lack of sleep
  • Increased stress
  • Increased caffeine intake or other stimulant intake
  • Dry eyes
  • A combination of all of the mentioned factors

RELATED: Infographic: 6 Common Sleep Disorders

What Are the Treatments for Eyeball Twitching?

Eyelid or eyeball twitching can usually be resolved by making lifestyle changes such as reducing stress, getting more sleep, keeping your eyeballs lubricated with eyedrops, or reducing the intake of stimulants, such as caffeine.

When should you see a doctor?

A patient should consult a doctor when the eyelid and/or eyeball twitching persists longer than a few months and/or is associated with other symptoms such as double vision, weakness of eyelid closure and/or numbness, or tingling. Although these symptoms are rare, if they appear a patient should consult their doctor immediately.