One in nine babies will be born prematurely. That’s more than 450,000 each year in the United States. While the preterm birth rate in 2012 was at a 15-year low, there is still much progress to be made. Because of the statistics and the life-threatening potential of premature labor, it is vital to understand the risks and complications associated with preterm birth.
Preterm Birth Causes and Risks
Risk factors of premature birth include:
- Chronic health conditions like diabetes or high blood pressure
- Pregnancy with multiples (triplets or twins)
- Uterine or cervical problems
- Consuming alcohol or drugs
- Infections during pregnancy
- Physical trauma or stress
- Prior preterm labor
- In vitro fertilization
- Poor nutrition
Want to learn more about maternal fetal medicine and preterm birth? Check out our Medical Monday’s post on Newborn Medicine.