What Is Occupational Therapy?
Occupational therapy, often abbreviated OT, helps people regain their independence after suffering from disability, developmental delays, or workplace injuries.
Your occupational therapist’s goal is simple: to help you regain your independence through self-care, returning to work, or getting back to the leisure activities you enjoy, depending on your situation and needs. OT gives individuals “the skills for the job of living.”
Understanding Occupational Therapy
Your occupational therapist will help you build the skills and strategies you need to perform daily activities, including:
- Personal care: dressing, eating, writing, grooming
- Home care: cooking, gardening, cleaning
- Personal management: basic financial skills, stress management, maintaining a schedule
- Driving a vehicle
- Adapting to low vision challenges
Occupational therapists evaluate a patient’s needs by taking a close look at their home, work, and school environments. They’ll develop a personalized care plan, and determine if adaptive or ergonomic equipment would be of help.
Occupational therapists also fit, fabricate, and help people learn how to properly use adaptive equipment such as reaching devices, transfer equipment, dressing aides, and splints/orthotics.
Their services are usually offered through a rehabilitation center and may be one of several forms of recommended therapy for a person with functional limitations. Both inpatient and outpatient programs are available.
Who Benefits from Occupational Therapy?
Injuries or conditions that could benefit from occupational therapy include:
- Neurologic injury (stroke, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury)
- Workplace injury
- Orthopaedic injury
- Severe accident, such as a car crash
- Chronic pain
- Hand and upper extremity injuries
Your therapist and doctor will work with you to develop a tailored program based on your needs and goals for the future.
Learn more by visiting the Occupational Therapy at UPMC Centers for Rehab Services webpage.