This post was last updated on February 9, 2017\nThe average person falls in love seven times before marriage. Being “lovesick” can cause some pretty strong effects on the body. Discover the science behind one of the most thrilling human emotions.\n\n \nLove and Hormones\nScience tells us that attraction occurs when the brain chemicals dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin kick in. These chemicals can cause happiness, which leads to sweaty palms and faster beating hearts. Attachment is the release of the oxytocin and vasopressin hormones, which helps to form deep bonds.\nSix Parts of the Brain Affected\nPrefrontal Cortex\nGives humans the ability to reason, which may lower when a person is in love\nCingulate Gyrus\nAlerts one\u2019s brain to an emotionally charged event\nHippocampus\nPlays a role in emotion and memory regulation\nVentral Tegmental Area\nProcesses emotions related to the feeling new lovers may experience\nAmygdala\nPlays a role in processing emotions and expressing trust\nHypothalamus\nReleases hormones that bring about rapid heartbeat and lightheadedness\nRELATED: Get to Know the Parts of Your Brain\nDopamine is known as \u201cthe pleasure chemical.\u201d Dopamine is found in the ventral tegmental area in the brain, where it floods the caudate nucleus. People who are in love often have elevated dopamine levels. Men in love show more activity in the visual part of the brain, while women show more activity in the memory portion of their brain when they are in love.\nA Real “Love Sickness”\nBroken Heart Syndrome \u2013 Broken heart syndrome, or Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a sudden weakening of the myocardium, or the muscle of the heart. Highly stressful emotional situations, such as the death of a loved one or difficult breakup can trigger the weakening, leading to acute heart failure, lethal ventricular arrhythmias, and ventricular rupture. In rare cases, broken heart syndrome can be fatal.