We’ve all seen \u2014\u00a0or been one of those \u2014\u00a0people who hold an object arm’s length away just to have some hope of reading the text.\nIt’s common as you age for your vision to change. Some people have difficulty with reading small print, while others need brighter light or bifocal glasses to see the words printed on the page.\nWhile it may seem like a very personal, telltale sign of “growing old,” these changes in vision are actually experienced by many. While you should certainly make an appointment with your eye doctor to monitor changes in your vision over time, it’s never a bad idea to learn more about some of the most common age-related vision problems out there, so you can better understand any of the changes you may be “seeing.”\nVision Changes\nPresbyopia is the cause of the infamous arm’s length reading tactic and normal age-related vision change. Andrew Eller, MD, director of Ocular Trauma at the UPMC Eye Center explains, “With presbyopia, the lens of the eye begins to harden and results in the loss of the normal ability to focus. For most, reading glasses or a change in prescription will be enough to correct vision impairment. Others consider options such as laser vision correction.”\nIncreased Risk for Eye Disease\nAs we age we’re not only at a risk for worsening eyesight, but we’re also at an increased risk for developing a variety of eye diseases.\nCommon age-related eye conditions include:\n\nAge-related macular degeneration \u2013 Macular degeneration causes damage to the retina, which leads to blurry vision in the center of the visual plane (reverse tunnel vision).\nCataracts \u2013 Cataracts are the clouding of the lenses and the most common cause of vision loss.\nEye floaters \u2013 Sudden onset of floaters is an urgent indication for an eye exam as they may be a sign of a retinal tear or detachment. Long standing eye floaters are generally a nuisance, but not a problem.\nGlaucoma \u2013 Glaucoma, the second most common cause of blindness, may be associated with high pressure inside the eye that can lead to damage of the optic nerve.\n\nVision Loss and Eye Disorder\u00a0Treatment Options\nThe good news is that the common causes of vision loss all have treatment options. While not all of them are curable, there are steps that you and your doctor can take to manage symptoms and stabilize the disease progression.\nCertain Foods May Help with Vision\nWhile there aren’t any foods that can reverse worsening eyesight or eye disease there are some foods that may reduce the risk of or slow development of eye conditions. Dr. Eller recommends:\n\nLeafy greens \u2013 kale, spinach, lettuce\nBerries \u2013 blueberries, cranberries, strawberries, etc.\nVitamin C-rich foods \u2013 Oranges, grapefruits, broccoli\nCarotene rich food \u2013 Carrots, sweet potatoes\n\nConsult your eye doctor for yearly eye exams and anytime you notice a change in your vision. For more information, visit the UPMC Eye Center online or call 412-647-2200 to schedule an appointment.