Every Halloween, we celebrate our love of being scared — from cackling witches to creepy crawlies. We dress in spooky costumes, double down on watching horror movies, and even pay a visit to haunted houses and zombie hayrides in our neck of the woods. While nearly everyone enjoys a bit of fearful fun in a controlled, pretend environment, phobias take being afraid to the next level. A form of anxiety disorders, phobias involve lasting, intense, and often irrational fears that can disrupt lives and relationships.
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Types of Phobias
The American Psychiatric Association (APA) groups phobias into three main categories:
Agoraphobia — the extreme fear of being unable to get help or escape a place or situation forces many agoraphobics to remain at home.
Social Phobia — goes beyond shyness and self-consciousness to a profound fear of being around other people and social situations
Specific Phobia — involves an unreasonable fear of an object or situation that is out of proportion to the actual danger.
What Scares Us the Most?
According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIH), nearly one in 10 American adults has a specific phobia. The APA recognizes more than 100 specific phobias; here are some of the most familiar ones:
- Acrophobia — fear of heights
- Ailurophobia — fear of cats
- Aquaphobia — fear of water
- Arachnophobia — fear of spiders
- Astraphobia — fear of thunder and lightening
- Aviophobia — fear of flying
- Claustrophobia — fear of enclosed spaces
- Hemophobia — fear of blood
- Msyophobia — fear of germs and contamination
- Ochlophobia — fear of crowds
Is It Time to Get Help for Your Phobias?
The good news is that with professional help, it’s usually possible to cope with phobias. One of the most effective treatments is cognitive-behavioral therapy. Desensitization, certain medications and other therapies are also valuable.
If a phobia is impacting your life and relationships, ask your family doctor for help in identifying a therapist specializing in anxiety disorders or visit Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic.
Editor's Note: This article was originally published on , and was last reviewed on .
UPMC Western Psychiatric Hospital is the hub of UPMC Behavioral Health, a network of community-based programs providing specialized mental health and addiction care for children, adolescents, adults, and seniors. Our mission is to provide comprehensive, compassionate care to people of all ages with mental health conditions. UPMC Western Psychiatric Hospital is a nationally recognized leader in mental health clinical care, research, and education. It is one of the nation’s foremost university-based psychiatric care facilities through its integration with the Department of Psychiatry of the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. We are here to help at every stage of your care and recovery.