You’ve heard that the Paleo Diet is the latest diet craze, right? This eating plan became popular in the past few years and is also called the “caveman diet” due to its focus on fresh foods like meat, fruits and vegetables, and nuts.\nThe Paleo Diet includes foods that people ate before farming became a way of life, and before processed grains and dairy products made their way onto our plates. While eliminating processed foods in favor of more vegetables and lean cuts of meat, it’s wise to remember that every diet and meal plan should place a focus on moderation. Meat-based diets can increase your risk of heart disease. So, if you’re a meat eater, here are some things to keep in mind.\nFocus on Fruits and Vegetables\nThe Paleo Diet includes plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. Remember to choose:\n\nFresh fruits without added sugar\nFresh vegetables without added salt, butter, or cheese\n\nLean Meats Are the Best\nFresh meats from animals that were grass-fed, not corn-fed, are a big part of paleo eating. Make sure you pick:\n\nLean cuts of beef, pork, veal, and lamb\nChicken or turkey without skin\nOnly meats that are fresh, not processed or cured\n\nGo Fish\nFish and shellfish are part of the Paleo Diet, and the American Heart Association suggests eating fish at least twice a week. Focus on fish that have omega-3 fatty acids, like\n\nSalmon\nTrout\nHerring\n\nWhat About Grains & Dairy?\nTwo major food groups \u2013 whole grains and dairy \u2013 aren’t part of the Paleo Diet at all. While you can eat eggs, stick to no more than three egg yolks per week.\nThe Paleo Diet and Your Heart\nSo far, there’s not much research on how the Paleo Diet affects heart health. There are many good ideas in this diet, like eating fresh fruits and vegetables and staying away from foods that are fried, processed, sugary, and salty. Eating a lot of meat and other foods that are high in cholesterol, like eggs, can increase your risk for heart disease.\nBefore you make any changes to your diet, talk to your doctor to find out if they’re right for you.\nAre you considering going Paleo? If so, visit the UPMC Heart and Vascular Institute online to learn more about the impact of certain diets on the heart or to schedule a screening for vascular disease before embarking upon this meat-heavy diet.