Lung cancer is the most likely cause of a cancer death in America. It kills more people each year than breast, prostate, and colon cancer combined. Each day about 433 Americans will die of some form of lung cancer. Although occurring most frequently in people ages 65 or older, two percent of those 45 or younger will be diagnosed.\nSo why is it so deadly? Like many other cancers, detecting lung cancer can be difficult. There are often no early signs, and when there are symptoms, it is usually in the form of a later stage of lung cancer or because the disease has spread.\nFind more information about lung screenings available at UPMC Hillman Cancer Center.\u00a0\nLung Cancer Causes and Risk Factors\nSmokers account for more than 80 percent of lung cancer deaths. Your risk of lung cancer can increase the more you smoke and the longer you smoke.\nBut second-hand smoke may also raise your risk of lung cancer. Research suggests that some people are more susceptible to the cancer-causing effects of tobacco smoke than other people, which may explain why some older people don’t develop lung cancer even after smoking for years. Other risk factors can include:\n\nRadon exposure\nAsbestos exposure\nAir pollution\nFamily history of lung cancers\n\nRELATED:\u00a0Start Your Journey to a Smoke-Free Life\nLung Cancer Signs and Symptoms\nEvery cancer case is different, but symptoms should never be ignored. Warning signs may include:\n\nNoticeable voice change; hoarseness\nA cough that does not go away\nChest pain that is often worse when deep breathing, coughing, or laughing\nFeeling tired or weak\nWheezing that does not go away\nAppetite and weight loss\nShortness of breath\nCoughing up blood\n\nRELATED:\u00a0Cancer Talks: Listen to Your Body\nLung Cancer Screenings and Treatment\nNew technologies to treat and screen for lung cancer are available, and researchers are always working on new ways to screen for and treat this disease. Screening for lung cancer has been shown to reduce the death rate from lung cancer and should be part of routine health care maintenance.\nEven if you are in fairly good health, you should have a lung cancer screening as you get older, especially if you:\n\nAre 55 to 74 years old\nSmoke or quit smoking within the last 15 years\n\nUPMC Hillman Cancer Center, partner with University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, has been at the forefront of research of lung and esophageal. To learn more about UPMC Hillman Cancer Center or to schedule an appointment, please call 412-623-LUNG (5864) or visit the UPMC Hillman Cancer Center website.