Hemophilia is a rare disorder that prevents blood from clotting normally.\nPeople with hemophilia may bleed longer than normal, due to a deficiency in clotting factors in the blood. Those with hemophilia may bleed more easily than others and often require lifelong treatment.\nWhat Causes Hemophilia?\nPeople are born with hemophilia, whether because their parents are carriers of the hemophilia gene or because a spontaneous genetic mutation prevents their body from making the right clotting factors, including\u00a0clotting Factor VIII for Type A hemophilia or clotting Factor IX for Type B hemophilia.\nIn both types of hemophilia, there are mild, moderate, and severe levels of clotting deficiency.\nWhat Are the Symptoms of Hemophilia?\nPeople with hemophilia lack important clotting factors in their body,\u00a0so the symptoms primarily include bleeding longer than normal. Other symptoms include:\n\nBleeding in the joints and muscles\nExcessive bruising and hematoma\nBloody urine or stool\nNosebleeds\u00a0that won’t stop\nBleeding gums\n\nWhat Are Hemophilia Treatment Options?\nHistorically, hemophilia treatment has included infusions of the deficient clotting factor, processed from a blood donor. Fortunately, the required clotting factors are now created in a lab, though some donor-derived factors are occasionally used.\nThese clotting factors are infused into the body through a vein or an embedded port. They can be administered regularly as a form of prophylaxis, or they can be given as needed.\nMilder forms of hemophilia Type A can be treated with medications that stimulate the production of Factor VIII. Medications can also be administered to help prevent clots from breaking down. Treatment at specific sites of bleeding can also help manage symptoms.\nGetting the Best Care with Hemophilia\nIf you or a loved one believe you have symptoms of hemophilia, you should contact your health care provider immediately for diagnosis and treatment.\nLeft untreated, hemophilia can lead to damaged joints and muscles, as well as life-threatening blood loss. But with the right treatment and lifestyle, people with this disorder can live full, rewarding lives.\nWant to learn more about hemophilia? To schedule an appointment with UPMC hematologists, you can call 1-800-533-UPMC or request an appointment here\u00a0or visit the UPMC Hillman Cancer Center website.