Bipolar Disorder is a mental health condition that causes alternating periods of high and low moods, often ranging from depression to euphoria or irritability, and shifts in energy. This lifelong condition affects more than 3 million Americans.\nDepression and Mania: Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder\nThere are several different types of Bipolar Disorder. The condition is primarily associated with two mood states: depression and mania.\nSymptoms associated with depression\nDuring phases of depression, it’s common to experience:\n\nFatigue\nFeelings of helplessness\nLoss of interest in daily activities\nExtreme sadness\nLoss of appetite or increased appetite\nTrouble concentrating or making decisions\nThoughts of suicide\n\nSymptoms associated with mania\nDuring mania phases, it’s common to have at least several of these experiences:\n\nFeeling “too” happy\nBeing very irritable\nTalking very fast\nExperiencing racing thoughts\nBeing easily distracted\nSleeping very little and yet not feeling tired\nHaving lots of energy\nStarting lots of new projects or getting involved in many more activities than usual\nHaving an unrealistically positive view of one’s abilities\nActing impulsively\nEngaging in high-risk behaviors, like spending a lot of money or being sexually promiscuous\nHaving unrealistic thoughts, such as hearing voices that do not exist or feeling frightened for no reason\n\nManic Depression or Bipolar Disorder? Which Term Is Correct?\nYou may have heard the term “manic depression,” and wondered if it is the same as Bipolar Disorder.\nManic depression was the term originally used to describe Bipolar Disorder. It was coined because of the condition’s two common mood states: mania and depression.\nToday, however, the medical community has learned much about the condition. This illness affects more than just mood; it is a medical disorder that also has an impact on cognition, sleep, and physical well-being. Bipolar Disorder is the medical diagnosis given to individuals experiencing this complex combination of symptoms.\nBipolar Disorder Diagnosis\nBipolar Disorder can be challenging to diagnose. Your doctor will collect a medical history and ask questions about the symptoms you are experiencing, including when the problems began and how long you have had them. Your doctor may request urine or blood tests to rule out other conditions.\nThere are also a number of other factors your doctor will consider, including:\n\nDo you have a close relative with Bipolar Disorder? Because Bipolar Disorder runs in families, having a relative with the illness may increase your risk of having the disorder.\nHave you had a recent major life trauma? If you are biologically vulnerable to Bipolar Disorder, life events that disrupt your daily routines can trigger mood episodes.\nDo you abuse drugs or alcohol? Many of the symptoms of intoxication can be confused with the symptoms of Bipolar Disorder. Sometimes drug use can precipitate mood episodes in individuals who are biologically vulnerable to Bipolar Disorder.\n\nTreatment for Bipolar Disorder\nOnce diagnosed, Bipolar Disorder is a treatable illness. The most common treatments are medication and psychotherapy. In some cases, day treatment programs or hospitalization might be considered.\nIf you or a friend or family member have questions about Bipolar Disorder diagnosis or treatment, please check with your doctor. Learn more about Behavioral and Mental Health Services at UPMC.