Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo: Symptoms and Causes

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo: Symptoms and Causes


Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo, also known as BPPV, is the most common cause of vertigo. This condition can lead to sudden, brief spells of dizziness, triggered by certain movements or head positions.

BPPV is a problem of the inner ear. It occurs when calcium carbonate crystals within the ear become dislodged and move to the semicircular canals, where they aren’t supposed to be.

Find locations for UPMC Centers for Rehab Services.

Physical therapists at UPMC Centers for Rehab Services can treat BPPV through a series of guided head movements. Medication may help lessen nausea and dizziness associated with BPPV, but they will not solve the underlying problem.

Never Miss a Beat!

Get Healthy Tips Sent to Your Phone!

Message and data rates may apply. Text STOP to opt out and HELP for help. Go to for privacy and terms.

BPPV can happen as a result of trauma, disease, inner ear infection, intubation, and more.


About UPMC Centers for Rehab Services

Whatever your therapy need – physical, occupational, or speech – UPMC Center for Rehab Services can create a personalized treatment plan for you. We have more than 70 outpatient facilities throughout western Pennsylvania, with convenient hours for your schedule. Our therapies follow the most up-to-date research for rehabilitation, and we treat numerous conditions, from arthritis and tendinitis, to injuries and symptoms related to other medical conditions.