Know the signs of bullying

The beginning of the school year is a busy time for parents and children. Along with new clothes, fresh school supplies, new teachers, schedules, and books, back-to-school season can bring health changes. Children are susceptible to many common illnesses associated with close in classrooms.

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Head Lice and Close Contact

Lice are tiny insects that live on human hair and feed on small amounts of blood. When an infestation occurs, lice attach their eggs to the base of your hair shaft. People spread head lice via contact with one another. Head lice do not spread illness, so they’re not usually dangerous.

Symptoms of head lice

  • Tickling feeling on your head
  • Sores from scratching
  • Red bumps on your head
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Irritability

How to prevent head lice

Instruct your child to avoid head-to-head contact with other kids, such as when they’re taking selfies. You should not allow your child to share brushes, combs, hair ribbons, or clothing. Head lice are only passed on through direct contact; they can’t jump or fly.

Head lice treatment

Before beginning any treatment for head lice, check with your pediatrician. Doctors often prescribe medication followed by a specific combing method used 8-12 hours after your child has been treated for lice.

When combing your child’s hair, be sure to check for dead lice. If you don’t find any, the medication may not be working and you should contact the pediatrician.

Pink Eye in School-Age Kids

Pink eye is a highly contagious and common eye infection that often occurs in children. The four main causes of pink eye are viruses, bacteria, allergens, and irritants such as chlorine.

Common pink eye symptoms

The most common symptoms of pink eye are:

  • Redness or swelling of the white part of your eye
  • Itching, burning, or irritation
  • Increased tear production
  • Crusting of your eyelashes or eyelids

How to prevent pink eye

Because pink eye is so contagious, the best way to prevent your child from developing it is to encourage them to wash their hands with warm water and soap as often as possible. Your child also should avoid rubbing or touching their eyes throughout the school day.

Treating pink eye

If your child develops pink eye, call your pediatrician to discuss treatment options. Cool compresses can provide relief from symptoms. To avoid spreading pink eye to other members of the household, avoid sharing clothing, blankets, and pillowcases, and wash those items frequently.

Chickenpox in Young Children

Chickenpox is a childhood virus that covers the body in itchy, red spots. Not as common today, chickenpox still appears in school-age children who have not been vaccinated against it. In addition to its telltale red splotches, chickenpox also can cause fever and body aches.

Symptoms of chickenpox

The most common symptoms of chickenpox are:

    • Itchy, red blisters and rash that spread all over your body. The rash may have an appearance often described as “dew drops on a rose petal”
    • Fever
    • Sore throat
    • Headache
    • Loss of appetite

Chickenpox prevention

The best way to prevent children  from getting chickenpox is to have them vaccinated. Most people who get the vaccine never develop the condition. Though mainly associated with young children, chickenpox can occur in teens and adults.

Treatment for chickenpox

While there are no medications to treat chickenpox, there are helpful remedies including:

      • Calamine lotion and oatmeal baths to help reduce itching
      • Cocoa butter and vitamin E oil to prevent scarring
      • Acetaminophen for fever and headaches

The Common Cold in the Classroom

The common cold is one of the most contagious illnesses spread in schools. Colds are airborne, but also can be spread through person-to-person contact. In a classroom environment, catching a cold at some point during the school year is highly likely.

Common cold symptoms

Symptoms to look out for in children are:

        • Runny or stuffy nose
        • Coughing
        • Sneezing
        • Sore throat
        • Fever
        • Muscle aches
        • Loss of appetite

Preventing the common cold

To avoid catching a cold, children should wash their hands often and avoid anyone with cold symptoms.

Treating the common cold

There is no cure for the common cold. As the virus runs its course, be sure that your child gets plenty of rest and drinks lots of fluids. If a child develops a secondary infection, such as an ear infection, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics.


About Pediatrics

From nutrition to illnesses, from athletics to school, children will face many challenges growing up. Parents often will make important health care decisions for them. We hope to help guide both of you in that journey. UPMC Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh is a national leader in pediatric care, ranking consistently on U.S. News & World Report’s Best Children’s Hospitals Honor Roll. We provide expert treatment for pediatric diseases, along well-child visits, urgent care, and more. With locations across Pennsylvania, Maryland, and West Virginia, you can find world-class care close to home. We also work closely with UPMC Magee-Womens Hospital, a national leader in care for newborns and their mothers. Our goal is to provide the best care for your children, from birth to adulthood and beyond. Visit our website to find a doctor near you.