Winter sports are a great way to enjoy the outdoors while staying active and healthy during the colder months. Because most winter sports typically involve snow and ice, conditions can be more dangerous for participants. Whether you are an athlete or the parent of one, these safety tips will help keep you and your family safe this winter season.\nEssential Tips for Winter Sport Safety\n1. Dress appropriately\nWhen it comes to winter sports, wearing the appropriate gear is essential. Due to the significantly low temperatures outside, be sure to dress in layers. Wearing multiple layers will help prevent frostbite and hypothermia.\nIn addition to dressing warm, wear the appropriate protective gear while participating in activity. Most winter sports require a helmet, gloves, boots, and goggles. Specific padding may be needed for others, and should be applied before beginning the activity.\nRELATED: Keeping Your Kids Active in the Winter\n2. Training \nIt is important that the body is in good shape prior to beginning any physical activity, especially winter sports. Muscles, tendons, and ligaments that are cold are more prone to injury, which is why warming up and stretching are so important. In the months leading up to winter sports, it\u2019s a good idea to exercise regularly to prepare the body ahead of time, and always consult with a physician before beginning a new activity.\n3. Stay hydrated\nDrinking plenty of fluids will not only keep the body hydrated, it will also help prevent hypothermia. Keep in mind, it is best to avoid caffeinated and alcoholic beverages. Not sure what to drink? Water is always a good way to go.\n \r\n \r\n Subscribe to Our Sports Medicine Newsletter \r\n \r\n Enter your email to subscribe\r\n \r\n \r\n\t \r\n \r\n Continue\r\n \r\n \r\n \r\n \r\n \r\n \r\n \r\n \r\n \r\n \r\n \r\n \r\n \r\n \r\n \r\n I understand that by providing my email address, I agree to receive emails from UPMC. I understand that I may opt out of receiving such communications at any time.\r\n \r\n \r\n \n4. Know when to sit it out\nBe on the lookout for severe weather conditions such as storms or low temperatures. Participating in outdoor activities in these conditions can be extremely dangerous and may cause more harm than good.\nBeing fully rested is important when it comes to winter sports. Participants are more likely to experience an injury when experiencing pain or fatigue.\n5. Don\u2019t forget the sunscreen\nThough it\u2019s not as warm during this time of year, the sun can still be a danger to athletes of winter sports. Be sure to protect exposed skin with sunscreen during any winter sport or outdoor activity.