Acceptance of and support for the LGBTQIA+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning) community is improving. However, LGBTQIA+ youth are still at higher risk for anxiety, depression, and suicide than their non-LGBTQIA+ peers.
According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), LGBTQIA+ teens are 6 times more likely than the general population to experience symptoms of depression. Compared to straight people, they are 4 times more likely to attempt suicide, have suicidal thoughts, or engage in self-harm.
The LGBTQIA+ mental health disparity can be explained by anti-LGBTQIA+ prejudices and stigmas that can lead to social or familial rejection, harassment, bullying, and even violence. These experiences, in turn, can result in poor mental health.
If you have an LGBTQIA+ child or teen in your life, it can be helpful to learn about the unique mental health challenges they may be experiencing and the resources that exist to help you support them.
Here’s what you should know about LGBTQIA+ youth mental health.
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LGBTQIA+ Youth Mental Health: A Timeline
LGBTQIA+ youth can face unique and magnified mental health challenges from childhood to adolescence.
Keep in mind that not all LGBTQIA+ youth will necessarily suffer from mental health issues. Every person is different, and this timeline might not apply to your child’s unique situation. When LGBTQIA+ youth are supported — by their schools, by their communities, and by their family and friends — they are much more likely to have good mental health.
LGBTQIA+ mental health in childhood
Starting early, LGBTQIA+ youth may feel anxious about potential responses from family members. Parents may be surprised, confused, or upset when a child’s self-expression deviates from what they expected. But LGBTQIA+ children need family acceptance. At this young age, their coping abilities and neurocognitive development aren’t prepared for backlash; they need all the support they can get.
LGBTQIA+ mental health in early adolescence
Puberty is a stressful time for everyone, but this age can be worsened for LGBTQIA+ children by peer rejection, prejudice, or bullying. Many LGBTQIA+ youth are bullied before they even know for themselves what their sexuality or gender identity is.
LGBTQIA+ mental health in late adolescence
In their late teens, many young people approach the process of coming out (disclosing their gender identity or sexual orientation). Just as family support is crucial in childhood, when an LGBTQIA+ child is only starting to explore their identity, family acceptance when a child or teen comes out is critical to their mental health.
NAMI reports that someone who faces rejection after coming out to their family is more than 8 times more likely to attempt suicide than someone accepted by their family.
How to Support LGBTQIA+ Youth Mental Health
Not sure where to start? Begin by learning all that you can about gender identity and sexual orientation. If your child is transgender, learn about and discuss with them medical and non-medical transition options.
You can extend the foundation of support for LGBTQIA+ youth by involving medical care providers who specialize in LGBTQIA+ health care.
For more information on how to best provide support for the LGBTQIA+ child or teen in your life, contact UPMC Western Psychiatric Hospital or call 412-624-1000. The Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine at UPMC Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh also is a center for gender-affirming care in Pittsburgh and the region.
Editor's Note: This article was originally published on , and was last reviewed on .
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From nutrition to illnesses, from athletics to school, children will face many challenges growing up. Parents often will make important health care decisions for them. We hope to help guide both of you in that journey. UPMC Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh is a national leader in pediatric care, ranking consistently on U.S. News & World Report’s Best Children’s Hospitals Honor Roll. We provide expert treatment for pediatric diseases, along well-child visits, urgent care, and more. With locations across Pennsylvania, Maryland, and West Virginia, you can find world-class care close to home. We also work closely with UPMC Magee-Womens Hospital, a national leader in care for newborns and their mothers. Our goal is to provide the best care for your children, from birth to adulthood and beyond. Visit our website to find a doctor near you.