This post was last updated on September 2, 2016\n \nSummer is the ideal time to enjoy the great outdoors, particularly the picturesque wilderness of western Pennsylvania. Before you begin your trek though, you should know a little about some of the critters, including venomous snakes, you might encounter out there.\nCheck out this infographic to learn important facts and stats, as well as the do’s and don’ts, about caring for snake bites.\n \nPoisonous Snakes in Western PA\nA weekend camping trip or a hike through the woods might be on your summer-to-do list. But before you brave the great outdoors, are you prepared if you or a loved one has an unfortunate encounter with a snake?\nPrimary Venomous Snakes Found in Western PA\nThe primary venomous snakes found in Western PA are:\n\nCottonmouths\nMassassaguas\nTimber rattlesnakes\nCopperheads\n\nThe snakes are typically found in underbrush or wooded areas, and occasionally in dark, overgrown domestic areas.\u00a0 Approximately 75 percent of snake bites by rattlesnakes and copperheads result in envenomation. Envenomation occurs when the venom from the snake is injected into another animal or person.\nThe best way to avoid snakebites and envenomation is to stay away from areas where the snakes are likely to be found, such as wooded areas. If you do encounter a snake, calmly and quickly turn away and do not attempt to kill, capture, or handle the snake. It is important to note even if you are two to three feet away from a snake, it may bite you before you have the chance to walk away.\nSymptoms and Complications of Snake Venom\nIf you are bitten by a snake, symptoms can include:\n\nPain at the site of the bite\nSwelling of the affected limb\nFormation of large, blood-filled blisters\nMuscle breakdown (in some cases)\n\nVarious complications to watch for from venom consist of thinning of the blood, allowing victims to bleed easily from minor injuries. In rare cases the venom causes an allergic reaction, and due to localized swelling, injury to the tissue can result in permanent damage and may require surgical intervention.\nWhat to Do and What Not to Do When Bitten By A Snake\nIn the event of a snake bite do:\n\nEvacuate the area immediately\nElevate and immobilize the affected area to prevent pooling of the venom to the smallest parts of the body\nCall the Pittsburgh Poison Center and\/or EMS for evaluation of the bite and possible envenomation\nPhotograph or take notes to describe the snake as this will help determine if the snake was venomous\n\nHowever, when bitten by a snake do not:\n\nApply a tourniquet\nUse a venom extractor, which may cause unnecessary additional injury at the site of the bite\nAttempt to \u201csuck out the venom\u201d which is impossible\nApply ice packs, which limits blood flow to the injured areas\n\n \nIn the event you or a loved one are bitten by a snake, please seek immediate medical attention. To learn more about caring for both venomous and non-venomous snake bites or information on other sources of dangerous poisons, please visit the Pittsburgh Poison Center at UPMC website. For emergencies, please dial 1-800-222-1222.