Testicular cancer is an uncommon, but serious disease that can occur in men at any age (mostly between ages 15 and 34). As with many other cancers, testicular cancer can be successfully treated when found at an early stage. Although it has been found that there are few risk factors of testicular cancer, there are some instances when a man may be predisposed, such as a family history, having an undescended testicle, or an HIV infection.\nYour doctor may check your testicles as part of your annual physical, but you should check yourself regularly in between appointments.\nHow to Perform a Testicular Self-exam\n\nPerform an exam when your scrotum is relaxed (for example, after showering).\nHold one testicle at a time and roll it between your thumb and fingers.\nCheck for lumps. They can be hard or smooth and round. If you have had a bump in the past, check and make sure it hasn’t changed in size, shape, or consistency.\n\nTesticular Cancer Symptoms\nSome common symptoms of testicular cancer include:\n\nLump on the testicles (may be painless)\nSwollen or enlarged testicle without a lump\nHeavy feeling in the scrotum or lower stomach\nBreast soreness or growth (rare)\n\nIf you notice a lump or a change in your testicles, you should see your doctor right away. When at your annual check-up, be sure to ask your physician to perform a testicular exam if he\/she did not already do one. Remember: early detection is key.\nHave you scheduled your annual check-up yet? Do you have questions about testicular cancer? Get in touch with an expert at the UPMC Hillman Cancer Center today.