Basketball players are no stranger to injury. After all, the game is extremely physical. There\u2019s the short, quick bursts down the court. All the sudden stops and starts. And people jumping, swatting, and shoving, doing anything they can do get the ball. With all that, there\u2019s bound to be some sprains and strains.\nSo, if you\u2019re planning to play hoops at the local court, or your son or daughter is involved in a recreational league, be aware of the most common basketball injuries and how to treat them.\nSimilar to professional and college basketball players, high school and recreational athletes are subject to various injuries because the sport involves:\n\nShort, intermittent bursts of activity\nQuick stops and starts\nPhysical contact\n\nSo, if you\u2019re planning to play hoops, be aware of the most common injuries and how to treat them.\nCommon Basketball Injuries\nAnkle sprains in basketball\nWhen the foot is forcibly rolled inward or outward, ligaments that hold the ankle in place can overstretch or tear, resulting in an ankle sprain.\n\n\n\nAnkle Sprain Symptoms\nAnkle Sprain Treatment\n\n\nPain on the overstretched portion of the ankle\n\nSwelling\nBruising\nTenderness\nWarmth to the touch\n\n\n\n\nRest\nIce\nCompression\nElevation (for the first 24 to 48 hours post-injury)\n\n\n\n\n\nRELATED:\u00a0How to Wrap an Ankle or Wrist Sprain\nAchilles tendonitis in basketball players\nAchilles tendonitis is a common overuse injury in basketball, due to the forces placed on the tendon from jumping and landing.\nThe Achilles tendon is the fibrous structure that attaches the calf muscle to the heel of your foot. It allows the calf muscle to pull your heel off the ground and push forward while walking or running.\nAchilles tendonitis occurs when you don\u2019t stretch your calf muscles properly.\n\n\n\nAchilles Tendonitis Symptoms\nAchilles Tendonitis Treatment\n\n\nA dull ache or pain in the back of the leg, just below the calf muscle\n\nPain that increases after activity\nSome diffuse swelling\n\n\n\n\nRest\nIce\nNon-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine, such as ibuprofen\nOrthotics\nTaping to prevent further damage\nRehabilitation\n\n\n\n\n\nSever\u2019s disease is another basketball injury related to the Achilles tendon, where it begins to tear away from the heel. This type of injury is most prevalent in young basketball players.\nPatellar tendonitis in basketball players\nPatellar tendonitis is a common overuse injury in basketball that affects the tendon connecting the kneecap (patella) to the shin bone.\nThe patellar tendon, along with the quadriceps muscle and tendon, provides the strength for straightening out the knee.\nPatellar tendonitis occurs when repeated stress is placed on the patellar tendon. The stress results in tiny tears in the tendon, which the body attempts to repair.\nBut, as the tears in the tendon become more numerous, the body can\u2019t keep up, causing the inflammation in the tendon to worsen.\n\n\n\nPatellar Tendonitis Symptoms\nPatellar Tendonitis Treatment\n\n\nPain directly over the patellar tendon\n\nPain with activities, especially jumping or kneeling\n\n\n\n\nRest\nNon-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine, such as ibuprofen\nStretching of the quadriceps, hamstrings, and calf muscles\nIce treatments\nUse of support straps or braces\n\n\n\n\n\nMuscle strains in basketball players\nMuscle strains, or muscle pulls, occur when an athlete stretches the muscle beyond its normal limit, or when a load is placed on the muscle and it is not strong enough to counteract. This results in a strain or tear of the muscle fibers.\nA muscle strain can occur in any muscle, and can result from physical activity without proper stretches and warm-ups beforehand.\n\n\n\nMuscle Strain Symptoms\nMuscle Strain Treatment\n\n\nSharp pain in the muscle\n\nA popping or snapping sound\nTenderness to the touch\nSwelling\nDiscoloration\n\n\n\n\nRest\nIce\nCompression\nElevation\nNon-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine, such as ibuprofen, if necessary\n\n\n\n\n\n\u00a0Muscle strains are diagnosed by:\n\nObtaining a thorough history of the injury\nPalpation of the affected area\u00a0to detect pain and defects in the muscle\nStrength and flexibility testing\nAn MRI (on more serious strains) to determine the extent of the tear\n\nACL tears from basketball\nThe anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the primary restraint that limits how far the shin bone (tibia) slides forward in relation to the thigh bone (femur). When the ACL tears and that restraint no longer exists, the knee becomes unstable and may unpredictably buckle or give way.\nA common knee injury in basketball, the ACL may suddenly tear without warning when an individual:\n\nDecelerates\nCuts to the side\nLands awkwardly\n\n\n\n\nACL Tear Symptoms\nACL Tear Treatment\n\n\nAn audible \u201cpop\u201d at the moment of injury\n\nThe slippage of the knee out of its joint\nSevere swelling\nPainful movement\n\n\nTreatment may be surgical or non-surgical, depending on your desired lifestyle. The question is not so much your level of activity in the past, but the expectations for the future.\n\nSurgical: If your goal is to continue an active lifestyle, ACL reconstruction surgery may be the treatment of choice, due to the fact that a torn ACL does not heal.\nNon-surgical:Therapy consists of a period of protective bracing, with progressive return to the range of motion and muscle-strengthening exercises. The goal is to create natural stability for the knee by developing the quadriceps and hamstring muscles.\n\n\n\n\n\n\nFinger injuries from basketball\nFinger injuries range from simple cuts to bone, tendon, or ligament damage. X-rays may be taken to confirm a fracture.\nIf not properly treated, finger injuries can lead to deformity and permanent loss of function.\n\n\n\nFinger Injury Symptoms\nFinger Injury Treatment\n\n\nPain over the injury site\n\nInability to move the finger\nBruising\nSwelling\nDeformity\n\n\n\n\nFor non-serious injuries, \u201cbuddy tapping\u201d and\/or splinting for everyday activities\nFor some finger injuries, surgical repair of the tendons to restore function\n\n\n\n\n\nFor athletes who have experienced sports-related injuries, UPMC Sports Medicine\u2018s orthopaedic surgeons, board-certified athletic trainers, and physical therapists will help to speed recovery and restore function. Call 1-855-93-SPORT (77678) to schedule an appointment or visit our website.