The link between ADHD, autism, and creativity

Plenty of misunderstanding still exists about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD).

We hear a lot about these issues related to school and education. If you have a child with one of these diagnoses, school can be tough. You know your child’s unique talents, but they don’t always get a chance to shine in a standardized classroom environment.

Creativity is one area where many kids with ADHD, and even autism, really excel. While these two disorders have some overlapping symptoms, they are very different for both children and adults.

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Creativity and ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is considered a neurodevelopmental disorder. It’s characterized by impulsiveness, inattention, and trouble being still. People with ADHD have brains that are wired differently than people without the condition. Certain areas of the brain are not connected in the same ways to other areas of the brain. This leads people with ADHD to perceive the world differently — to learn and process information differently.

About half of kids with ADHD also have a learning disability, such as dyslexia. These challenges can sometimes obscure the strong creativity that people with ADHD have.

An article in Scientific American summarized a variety of research indicating that people with ADHD are more creative than people without the disorder. In one study, students with the disorder had much higher creative cognition than students without. Working memory, the ability to control attention and maintain multiple streams of information, was lower in students with ADHD. However, lower working memory tended to correlate with higher creativity.

More research has found the same to be true for adults. People with ADHD generally excel at coming up with new ideas and proposing “out of the box” solutions. They score lower on coming up with the perceived “correct” answer.

Autism and Creativity

It has often been assumed that people with autism are less creative than people without. However, more understanding of how the autistic mind works is debunking this myth. People with autism can have original, unique ideas.

For example, when asked to provide a list of alternate uses for a pen, a person with autism may come up with fewer responses, but more of those responses will be unique.

People with autism are often viewed as less creative because they tend to be less imaginative. Their solutions are likely to be based in reality over fantasy, unlike children with ADHD, who tend to also be highly imaginative.

However, developing unique responses is still a key to creative reasoning, and any nontraditional way of thinking lends itself to creative solutions.

With a push toward standardization and “correct” answers, sometimes kids (and adults) with ADHD or autism can be overlooked. They have a unique way of taking in information and understanding patterns that leads to highly creative approaches.

You don’t outgrow ADHD or autism: Find ways to manage the challenges while enjoying the gifts. Learn more at the UPMC Behavioral and Mental Health Services website.

About UPMC

Based in Pittsburgh, UPMC is a world-renowned health care provider and insurer. We operate 40 hospitals and more than 700 doctor’s offices and outpatient centers. Our expert physicians are among the leaders in their fields, and we are leaders in groundbreaking research and treatment breakthroughs. UPMC Presbyterian Shadyside ranks as “One of America’s Best Hospitals” and No. 1 in Pennsylvania in U.S. News & World Report’s listings.