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Causes of Youth Baseball Injuries and How to Prevent Them


WRITTEN BY: Sports Medicine
Friday, February 21st, 2014

The snow may be flying outside, but the crack of the bat and pop of the glove can still be heard at indoor baseball training facilities, as players start preparing for the 2014 baseball season. Each year, nearly 300,000 young athletes are injured playing baseball. Learning more about these injuries and how to prevent them will help players avoid the disabled list.

Common Youth Baseball Injuries

Baseball players most often injure their shoulders or elbows. Shoulder-related injuries range from tendonitis of the muscles that keep the joint (the rotator cuff) stable to cartilage tears within the joint itself.

Elbow problems include tendonitis of the muscles on top of or below the forearm and strains of the ligaments on the inside of the elbow.

Causes of Baseball Injuries

The most common causes of baseball-related injuries are:

  • Overuse
  • Inadequate rest periods
  • Poor throwing mechanics
  • Poor flexibility and range of motion
  • Decreased rotator cuff or scapular (shoulder) strength
  • Decreased wrist muscle strength and flexibility
  • Decreased hamstring flexibility and strength
  • Poor hip flexibility
  • Poor core strength and stability

Preventing Baseball Injuries

To prevent injuries, youth baseball players should:

  • Warm up properly before throwing.
  • Take part in preseason and in-season strength and conditioning programs.
  • Avoid year-round playing to give the body a chance to rest and recover. Playing different sports helps ensure that the same muscles aren’t used all the time.

It’s important for athletes to talk with parents and coaches instead of playing through any pain. Pain may be due to an underlying condition, and continuing to play could result in injury. If pain persists, or if a young athlete plays year round without much rest, a consultation with a sports medicine specialist is recommended.

5-Tool Trainer Mobile App

To help youth baseball players, parents, and coaches track training progress and prevent overuse injuries, the team at UPMC Sports Medicine developed the 5-Tool Trainer Mobile app. The app is a quick, easy way for young players to take active roles in monitoring their training. Learn more about the app in the video below.

Learn more about the 5-Tool Trainer App.

Download the App

Download the app in iTunes

Download the app on Google Play

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Sports Medicine

UPMC Sports Medicine is the region’s largest and most experienced center dedicated to caring for athletes of all levels. For more than 25 years of world-class care, we’re proud to offer more services, have more physicians, and treat more student athletes than any other sports medicine provider in the region. Read More