Beginning drug treatment can be a daunting process \u2014 it may be your first, critical step towards recovery.\n\u201cAddiction is a chronic condition,\u201d says Amy Shanahan, clinical administrator for Addiction Medicine Services at Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic of UPMC.\nThat means drug treatment should include long-term management, much like other chronic conditions, such as diabetes.\nTo learn more about effective drug treatment options, visit our\u00a0Addiction Medicine Services\u00a0website.\nTreatment Options for Substance Abuse\nThe two most common forms of treatment for substance use problems are inpatient rehabilitation and outpatient rehabilitation.\nInpatient or residential rehabilitation\u00a0is an intensive form of treatment, in which individuals stay overnight in a treatment center, where much of the time is spent stabilizing their symptoms. It is best to follow up in an outpatient rehabilitation program after completing an inpatient program.\nOutpatient rehabilitation\u00a0comes in several different forms:\n\nPartial hospitalization involves receiving\u00a0up to 20 hours of treatment on a weekly basis. This is an intensive form of therapy recommended for those who cannot attend an inpatient program and struggle with avoiding substance use.\nIntensive outpatient treatment is a program in which\u00a0people attend treatment for less than 10 hours a week. Treatment includes group and individual therapy.\nGeneral outpatient drug treatment may include treatment once a week on an individual or group basis. Many community programs offer this form of recovery treatment.\n\nFor some people, halfway houses or supportive living communities are an important part of recovery. These facilities help those who need additional support in their transition to independent living.\nRELATED: Is Medication-Assisted Drug Treatment Right for You?\nHow Does Drug Treatment Work?\nWhen you arrive at a drug treatment program, health care providers first perform an evaluation to determine the level of care needed.\n\u201cYour risk for withdrawal, other medical conditions, and emotional or cognitive issues are some factors that help providers determine the best level of care,\u201d Amy says.\nSome people may need medical support to stop using alcohol or other substances and would benefit from detoxification. Detox helps your body get rid of the drugs in your system and helps reduce discomfort and cravings.\nTreatment is individualized and may include medication. Doctors may prescribe medication for either short- or long-term use. Some of these medications can reduce the symptoms of alcohol and other drug withdrawal, lessen cravings to use, and block the effects of substances.\nSome forms of treatment used during both inpatient and outpatient drug rehabilitation include:\n\nCognitive behavioral therapy\nRelapse prevention treatment\nMotivational incentives\n\nTreatment programs may invite families and loved ones to take part in your recovery process. These family sessions may involve talking about treatment and progress. Families also have an opportunity to learn about substance use disorders, treatment, and recovery.\nInformation regarding available community support programs is provided to assist family members in understanding your needs and taking care of their own.\nHow Long Does Drug Treatment Last?\nThe length of time someone stays in treatment can vary and depends on the severity and number of problems, concerns, and resources a person has.\nShort-term, residential rehab can range between two to four weeks, while long-term rehab can last up to three months.\nWhat Makes Treatment for Drug Addiction Effective?\nThere are many proven, effective treatments to address substance use problems and disorders, including motivational incentives, cognitive-behavioral, motivational enhancement, medication-assisted, and family behavior therapy.\nYour participation in your treatment is an important factor in your treatment\u2019s success. You can explore with your treatment team which therapy might work best for you.