What causes your eyelid to twitch and what can you do to prevent this discomfort?

You’ve probably experienced it at some point — you’re sitting or driving and suddenly your eyelid starts twitching for no apparent reason. It’s painless and usually stops on its own, but there’s nothing more irritating when you’re trying to focus. What causes your eyelid to twitch and how can you get it to stop?

There are a few reasons why your eyelid could be twitching. Although the real cause is unknown, eyelid twitching is usually associated with factors like:

You may get eyelid twitches after an all-nighter, or in the morning when your coffee begins to set in. Usually, eyelid twitches only come in spasms every couple seconds and go away after a minute or so. If they bother you, try cutting caffeine or changing your routine to get more sleep.

How to Keep Your Eyelids from Twitching

In addition to minimizing the factors above, you can try putting hot or cold compresses on your face at night. Others find that a face steam helps soothe muscles and clean pores. If you have a massage therapist, they can help relieve stress or offer services like acupuncture.

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Severe Causes of Eyeball Twitching

Is your eyelid twitching or your eyeball twitching?

“There is a big difference between the eyelid and eye itself twitching,” Kevin M. Wong, MD, Westmoreland Family Medicine – UPMC, said, “Eyeball twitching can be a true medical problem.”

In rare cases, eyeball twitching may be associated with eye problems, brain or nerve problems, or medication side effects. Some possible eye problems include: pinkeye (conjunctivitis), dry eyes, inflammation of eyelids, or light sensitivity. Medications used to treat seizures or psychosis also have been known to cause some eyeball twitching.

If your eyeball twitching has to do with nerve or brain problems, chances are that you may be experiencing other symptoms. Some possible nerve or brain problems include:

“If you can’t tell by feeling the lid actually moving, look in a mirror. It is easy to see the lid actually twitch,” Dr. Wong said. “Lid twitching is usually from one of the benign reasons listed, whereas eyeball twitching may represent a much more serious medical issue, for which a visit to the doctor is warranted.”

When to See a Doctor

Most eyelid twitching is not serious — it lasts for a minute and then goes away. However, you should see a doctor if:

  • Other parts of your body are twitching
  • Your eye twitching is painful
  • Your eye looks infected — red, swollen, or leaking fluid
  • The twitching does not go away by itself for a few weeks
  • You have droopy eyelids or difficulty opening your eyes